EFFECTS OF REFLEXOLOGY ON PAIN & OUTCOMES FOR PRIMAPAROUS WOMEN:⠀(a scientific study)⠀⠀

Pregnancy is a very exciting and ever changing time in a woman’s life, as well as the life of her partner. But with that excitement come many inconveniences, and in some cases, health concerns. And unfortunately, sometimes pregnancy ends in a loss which is devastating to both mother and partner and can have emotional and physical ramifications for mother that need to be addressed.⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
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The pregnant woman can be supported and nurtured SAFELY through all 4 trimesters by a properly educated Maternity Reflexology Therapist.⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
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Studies have shown that Reflexology in pregnancy :⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
– Significantly reduced pain during labour (1, 2)⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
– Reduced the length of first stage labour (1, 2)⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
– Improved quality of sleep in post-natal women (3)⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
– Reduces the physical or psychological stressors in pregnancy which reduces complications such as pre-eclampsia, intra-uterine growth retardation, gestational diabetes, or pre-term labour (4)⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
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Maternity Reflexology targets specific issues that can arise in Pregnancy with specialised protocols that are proven to help.⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
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References:⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
(1) VALIANI M ET ALL (2010) Reviewing the effect of Reflexology on pain and outcomes of the labour and primiparous women. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research. 15(Dec) p302-310⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
(2) Dolation M ET AL (2011) The effects of Reflexology on Pain Intensity and Duration of Labour on Primiparas. Iran Red Crescent Medical Journal. 13(7) p478-479⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
(3) LI C-Y ET ALL (2011) Randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of using foot reflexology to improve quality of sleep amongst post partum women, Midwifery. 27. p181-186⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
(4) TIRAN D, CHUMMUN H (2004) Complementary therapies to reduce physiological stress in Pregnancy. Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery, 10. P162-167 Available online at www(dot)sciencedirect(dot)com

Cystitis and UTI & Maternity Reflexology

Cystits and UTI in pregnancy can be very uncomfortable, but more importantly, Cystitis can be very dangerous in pregnancy. Cystitis, or inflammation or infection of the bladder, may be a maternal cause of early miscarriage in pregnancy [Maternity Reflexology Consortium] and should be checked by your care provider immediately if you have any suspicions of having one.
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At least 5% of women can expect to develop at least one UTI during pregnancy; those who develop one have a 1 in 3 chance of an encore later. While bladder infections are more common among non-pregnant women, kidney infections are about twice as common in expecting women as bladder infections (or 2.5% of pregnant women can expect to develop Cystitis during pregnancy). [what to expect dot com]
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While your first stop should always be with your medical provider in seeking diagnosis and medication for these types of infection while pregnant, MATERNITY REFLEXOLOGY PROTOCOLS help in encouraging natural immunity and promote the elimination of toxins to aid in the healing of UTI or Cystitis.

REFLEXOLOGY FOR LOWER BACK AND PELVIC GIRDLE PAIN IN PREGNANCY: (a scientific study)

Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is the umbrella term that describes pain anywhere between your belly button and your pubic bone and sometimes in your thighs, during and after pregnancy.
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PGP is a musculoskeletal condition that affects 20 per cent of pregnant women. More specifically, 14-22 per cent of all pregnant women have serious PGP with 5-8 per cent of these having problems with severe pain and disability.
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Reflexology is used for various pregnancy related complaints. A three-armed, pilot randomised controlled trial was conducted to test changes in physiological and biochemical stress parameters. Ninety primiparous volunteers experiencing low back and/or pelvic girdle pain (LBPGP) were recruited to receive either six reflexology or footbath treatments or usual care.
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Primary outcome data included pain intensity and frequency measured on a visual analog scale (VAS), and salivary beta-endorphin (pain relievers) and cortisol (stress hormone) levels.
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61 (68%) women completed the intervention.
• A clinically important reduction of 1.63 cm occurred for VAS pain frequency following reflexology
• Beta-endorphin levels decreased by 15.18% for the reflexology group as opposed to increasing by 8.8% and 10.10% in the footbath and usual care groups respectively.
• Cortisol increased by 18.82% in the reflexology group as opposed to 31.78% for footbath participants, 31.42% in usual care.
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Layman’s terms: pain down, pain relievers up, stress hormone lower
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Reflexology during pregnancy may help reduce LBPGP, and associated stress. However, antenatal reflexology is under researched and requires further investigation.
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Sources: pubmed 29705485 & netdoctor(dot)co(dot)uk

Hypotension & Maternity Reflexology

Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the left sided systemic circulation.[1] Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps out blood. A systolic blood pressure of less than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or diastolic of less than 60 mm Hg is generally considered to be hypotension.[2][3] However, in practice, blood pressure is considered too low only if noticeable symptoms are present.[4]
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Hypotension is the opposite of hypertension, which is high blood pressure. It is best understood as a physiological state rather than a disease. Severely low blood pressure can deprive the brain and other vital organs of oxygen and nutrients, leading to a life-threatening condition called shock.
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Advanced Maternity Reflexology protocols allow us to address Hypotension by encouraging blood production and stimulating the circulatory system. If you’ve been diagnosed with Hypotension in Pregnancy, or you’re feeling faint and dizzy, Adv Maternity Reflexology can help 💞
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Source: Wikepedia/Hypotension, Susanne Enzer Advanced Maternity Reflexology Manual

Hypertension & Maternity Reflexology

Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension is the development of new hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20 weeks’ gestation without the presence of protein in the urine or other signs of pre-eclampsia. Gestational Hypertension is defined as having a blood pressure greater than 140/90 on two separate occasions at least 6 hours apart.
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No single diagnostic test currently exists to predict the likelihood of developing gestational hypertension. High blood pressure is the major sign in diagnosing gestational hypertension. Some women with gestational hypertension may present asymptomatic, but a number of symptoms are associated with the condition.
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Symptoms:
Edema
Sudden weight gain
Blurred vision or sensitivity to light
Nausea and vomiting
Persistent headaches
Increased blood pressure
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There is no specific [allopathic] treatment, but is monitored closely to rapidly identify pre-eclampsia and its life-threatening complications (HELLP syndrome and eclampsia).
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Receiving regular Advanced Maternity Reflexology protocols developed by Susanne Enzer, former Midwife and Reflexology Therapist, helps maintain stable blood pressure during pregnancy and deal with symptoms of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension.
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Sources: Wikipedia, Maternity Reflexology Consortium

Preterm Labour and Maternity Reflexology

Preterm labor occurs when regular contractions result in the opening of your cervix after week 20 and before week 37 of pregnancy.
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Preterm labor can result in premature birth. The earlier premature birth happens, the greater the health risks for your baby. Many premature babies (preemies) need special care in the neonatal intensive care unit. Preemies can also have long-term mental and physical disabilities.
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The specific cause of preterm labor often isn’t clear. Certain risk factors might increase the risk, but preterm labor can also occur in pregnant women with no known risk factors.

Signs and symptoms of preterm labor include:
Regular or frequent sensations of abdominal tightening (contractions)
Constant low, dull backache
A sensation of pelvic or lower abdominal pressure
Mild abdominal cramps
Vaginal spotting or light bleeding
Preterm rupture of membranes — in a gush or a continuous trickle of fluid after the membrane around the baby breaks or tears
A change in type of vaginal discharge — watery, mucus-like or bloody.
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You might not be able to prevent preterm labor — but there’s much you can do to promote a healthy, full-term pregnancy. For example:
· Seek regular Reflexology care
· Seek regular prenatal care
· Eat a healthy diet.
· Avoid risky substances (smoking, alcohol, illicit drugs)
· Consider pregnancy spacing.
· Be cautious when using assisted reproductive technology (ART). If you’re planning to use ART to get pregnant, consider how many embryos will be implanted. Multiple pregnancies carry a higher risk of preterm labor.
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If your health care provider determines that you’re at increased risk of preterm labor, he or she might recommend taking additional steps to reduce your risk, such as:
· taking preventative medications
· Managing chronic conditions. Certain conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, increase the risk of preterm labor.


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Labour Priming and Maternity Reflexology

Labour Priming in natural therapies works differently than it does in Allopathic medicine. Allopathic medicine calls it Labour Induction, which is by definition a medical intervention to artificially start labour, either with medicines (pitocin, cervadil…) or procedure (membrane sweeping, artificial rupture of membranes …).
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How Reflexology for Labour Priming works is through learned protocols we check in with birther and babe to ensure everything is in order for a good and natural birth. If this is the case, then Reflexology for Labour Priming can start a process that wasn’t starting itself for whatever reason (anxiety by mom, anxiety of babe, imbalance of hormones or interrupted communication channels between uterus and pituitary/hypothalamus). If everything and everyone is ready, the birther and babe can expect action to begin anywhere in the 48 hours post Reflexology Session.
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If, however, some finishing touches still need to be applied or if the birther or babe have some last minute processing to do or whatever the reason for delay of labour starting, Reflexology for Labour Priming helps put the finishing touches on, helps any processes sort themselves out etc and Labour will not start until everything is sorted accordingly.
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Reflexology for Labour Priming can safely be received anytime the birther is 37+ weeks and has the “go ahead” from their obstetrical care provider . Generally these protocols are applied after 40 weeks to help avoid any medical intervention in birth.
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Regular Reflexology throughout the whole pregnancy is shown to reduce 1st and 2nd stage labour times, reduce sensation associated with birth (pain), and speed healing times postnatally. Regular Reflexology throughout gestation can also encourage natural onset of labour, negating the need, in many cases, for natual or allopathic “induction” procedures.